„Not only did it make sense to allow Israel to continue to use both lands or to do Netanyahu any favour, but it became an urgent public demand,“ said Jawad Anani, former director of the Royal Court and negotiator for the 1994 Jordanian-Israeli peace treaty. In the 1994 peace treaty, Israel promised to respect „the special role of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in the sacred sanctuaries of The Muslims of Jerusalem“ and promised to „give high priority to Jordan`s historic role in these shrines“ in peace talks with the Palestinians. The nature of the Jordanian and Israeli regimes is an important factor in explaining the longevity of the agreement, especially for Jordan, where public opinion has been hostile to Israel for decades. Since Jordan is a monarchy and the king does not have to make his decisions in favour of public approval, he is free to act to a large extent as he sees fit. In Israel, on the other hand, public opinion is largely indifferent to Jordan and the peace agreement. It deserves little attention and, after a quarter of a century, it is almost considered to exist. But it is also the reason why the peace agreement between the two leaders was not implemented in peace between the two peoples. But while it may not generate much public enthusiasm, the agreement is important to both sides and both sides clearly benefit. A handshake between King Hussein and Prime Minister Rabin, accompanied by President Clinton, during the Israeli-Jordanian peace negotiations, 25 July 1994 While there are clear benefits for both sides, or at least for the leaders of both sides, Israel and Jordan have taken steps to weaken the peace agreement in recent years. The latest such incident concerns the enclave of Arava and Naharayim (Peace Island), two areas adjacent to the border, leased for 25 years after the signing of the agreement, with the possibility of extension. In October 2018, King Abdullah announced that he would not renew the leases, a step that has caused much controversy in Israel and has worried some about the total termination of the agreement. The peace treaty consists of a preamble, 30 articles, 5 annexes and agreed protocols. It regulates issues of territory, security, water and cooperation on a number of issues. The king`s refusal to renew the lease could be explained by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu`s announcement of his intention to annex the Jordan Valley and the Dead Sea if he is re-elected Prime Minister (which is not yet clear at the time of the letter). Netanyahu`s statement was made mainly for domestic policy reasons on the eve of an election and was to be greeted with a grain of salt.
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